The agreement reaffirmed its commitment to «mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms for all within the Community.» The multi-party agreement recognized «the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity,» particularly with regard to the Irish language, Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, «all of which are part of the cultural richness of the Island of Ireland.» In January 2017, Martin McGuinness resigned from his post in protest at a political scandal over the new first minister, Arlene Foster, which broke the executive. He also referred to long-term issues where the DUP is not meeting the basic equality commitments set out in its agreements. «Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, alongside England, Scotland and Wales. The Union binds the four parts of the United Kingdom. I believe in the United Kingdom. I appreciate the Union. I want a Union that reflects and respects diversity. I am against a rigid and centralized approach. This is the safest way to weaken the Union. The Northern Ireland Assembly is a delegated legislature for Northern Ireland, with compulsory inter-communal voting on some important decisions. The Northern Ireland executive is a power-sharing executive with ministerial portfolios distributed among parties according to the D`Hondt method. 1The constitutional and political framework within which the de-decentralized government of Northern Ireland operates is that defined in the Belfast Convention of 1998 or, as it is popularly called, as it is popularly called.2The agreement imposes a single set of agreements that govern relations between the people of Northern Ireland itself, between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and thirdly , between Northern Ireland and Great Britain. 42Therefore, expectations are high in Northern Ireland, where public spending has been high over the past 30 years, mainly because of the security situation and not because of significant investments in public services. As the security situation is on the way to relaxing, the level of public spending set by London could be reduced.

Budget management is therefore a challenge that will increasingly test solidarity and collective decision-making within the executive, not least because the executive is not a voluntary coalition.